Basic Japanese Terminology and Techniques

Note: "ei" pronounced long "a" [example mei = may]


BO

Wooden staff

BOJUTSU

Staff fighting technique

BOKEN

Wooden sword

DOJO

Training hall

HA

Cutting edge of the sword

HAJIMEI

Begin

IAI

Drawing of the sword

IAITO

A practice metal sword

KAMAE

Stance or posture with weapon

KAMIZA

Spirit center of the dojo

KATA

The structure of a series of movements

KATANA

Long sword

KISSAKI

Tip of sword

KOIGUCHI

Mouth band on open end of scabbard

MAE

Command to move forward

MEN

Head. Called out to warn one's partner of a strike to the head.

MUNE

The unsharpened spine of the sword

OBI

Literally “belt.” Iaido uses a special, heavily stiffened belt, known as a sword obi.

REI

Command for a formal bow

SAYA

Sword scabbard

SAYABIKI

Pulling the saya

SEIZA

Command to sit in kneeling position

SENSEI

Teacher

SHURIKEN

Throwing spike

TAMESHIGIRI

Cutting

TSUBA

Sword guard

TSUKA

Handle of sword

USHIRO

Command to move backwards

WAZA

Technique

YAMEI

Stop

ZANSHIN

Focused intent

 

Four Basic Kamaes

1. Chudan: center position

2. Jodan: overhead position

3. Hasso: weapon raised, right hand even with cheek bone

4. Wake: hands below waist, tip of weapon pointed towards the rear


Chiburis

  1. Pounding fist

  2. Short horizontal cut to right

  3. Chopsticks

  4. Blade held horizontal to floor

  5. Spinning return

  6. Quick flip from chudan to wake

  7. Tsuba comes from rear to front directly to koiguichi

  8. Rapid inward motion drawing right across forearm to hara


Noto

  1. Draw straight out (or “Return straight in”).

  2. Tsuba to Koiguichi horizontal draw, i.e., bring tsuba to koiguichi, draw blade in a horizontal line across the belly & capture kissaki

  3. Chopsticks

  4. Reverse hand horizontally, draw across belly

  5. Reverse grip, little finger over tsuba


Koto Ei Ri Ryuu Kata


No.

Description

Chiburi

Noto

1

High, men block cut from jodan

1. Pounding fist

A. Draw straight out (or ìReturn straight inî).

2

Kneeling thrust to left rear

2. Short Horizontal cut to right

B. Tsuba to Koiguichi horizontal draw, i.e., bring tsuba to koiguichi, draw blade in a horizontal line across the belly & capture kissaki

3

Chopsticks thrust to throat

3. Chopsticks

C. Chopsticks

4

Gruntoóthe running tiger

4. Blade held horizontal to floor

B. Tsuba to Koiguichi horizontal draw, i.e., bring tsuba to koiguichi, draw blade in a horizontal line across the belly & capture kissaki

5

Spinning defense

5. Spinning return

A. Draw straight out (or ìReturn straight inî).

6

Draw, cut thigh to rear

7. Tsuba comes from rear to front directly to koiguichi

A. Draw straight out (or ìReturn straight inî).

7

Draw to blocking position, push with chi (ki)

6. Quick flip from chudan to wake

D. Reverse hand horizontally, draw across belly

8

Walking kata

1. Pounding fist

A. Draw straight out (or ìReturn straight inî).

9

Kneeling, look left, block & evade

8. Rapid inward motion drawing right across forearm to hara

E. Reverse grip, little finger over tsuba

10

Four-person attack with spinning block

6. Quick flip from chudan to wake

D. Reverse hand horizontally, draw across belly


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